By Vicki Russell
Since Jan. 20, President Trump has signed 12 executive orders. There is a good deal of reported speculation, no doubt owing to the broad nature of these orders. In such an atmosphere though, facts are difficult to come by, particularly when the documents generating all of the furor are largely absent from the debate. The executive orders are located at the administration’s website and the filings may be found utilizing the case numbers and venue information provided in the synopsis that follows.
This executive order appears to be aimed at preventing excessive increases in Affordable Care Act costs to states, patients, and plan purchasers, where there is latitude in the interpretation of the law during the repeal process. Federal offices are directed not to act on a reading of the law which runs contrary to the interests of the states and the public when there is an alternative interpretation available.
This order appears intended to speed up the environmental review and approval process for infrastructure projects deemed to be in the interests of the nation. This includes projects which impact such things as the grid, highways, airports, etc. This order includes language aimed at respecting the property rights of individuals as currently practicable, presumably including current standards on eminent domain.
This order prioritizes the enforcement of immigration laws and the dissuasion of the continuance of sanctuary cities.
This provides a 180-day deadline for the planning phase for the building of a wall on our southern border with Mexico.
This was the controversial order halting immigration temporarily from seven mostly Muslim nations in order to establish a new screening process.
(Stayed per the 9th Circuit Appeals Court, 3-0 decision Case number 17-35105)
This order increases from one to two years the ban on executive branch appointees dealing with former employers and clients in an official capacity. This order also places a lifetime ban on lobbying for foreign governments and a five-year ban on other lobbying activities.
This order provides that no new regulation shall be implemented without retiring two other regulations and ensuring that the cost of the new regulation does not exceed to cost of the two regulations no longer being implemented. This is a controversial proposal and is currently being challenged in court.
Filed in the District of Columbia, Case number 1:17-cv-00253
The Financial Stability Oversight Council is directed to begin reporting to the president within 120 days the level of compliance of laws, treaties, regulations, recordkeeping standards, etc. with a new set of broadly stated guiding principles laid out within the order.
This executive order is for the creation of a task force to look at ways to reduce crime, particularly in areas experiencing high rates of violent crime.
The Justice Department is directed to prioritize the prosecution of people who commit crimes against law enforcement officers utilizing existing law.
This is an order for agencies and departments to find better ways to share information. A 120-day deadline is given as well as a goal of more effective prosecution of drug cartels, illegal immigration, and violent crime.
This order provides a line of succession for the top spot within the Department of Justice which appears to be similar to that of the presidency.